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是什么导致的托福口语低分?这几个硬伤你中了哪一个?

  • 时间:2018-11-28

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托福口语怎么拿高分?小编今天来为大家扒一扒导致低分的这几个原因,看看你中了哪一个~

托福口语怎么拿高分?小编今天来为大家扒一扒导致低分的这几个原因,看看你中了哪一个~


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>>>免费下载托 福口语常考话题汇总.pdf


1.题型掌握不扎实。


大部分人真正的不明白独立题是不是能够准备,还有要怎么去准备,面对综合题目的一分钟复述,是否需要记笔记,又要怎么去记笔记,要说出哪些信息、用哪一种顺序与是否要在一分钟内完成,这些基本概念同样是很模糊的;另外有一个常见的掩耳盗铃的错误是,就算是托福口语考试对每道题目的答题时间都做了限制(45秒和60秒),大部分考生到了练习时,依旧不敢或不屑于开计时器,对于语速和时间的把控感很弱,这些错误的理念和练习方法只会让你南辕北辙,离高分越来越远。


(1)有关独立题(一二题):语料掌握不扎实

独立题的现场15秒准备,针对大多数同学来说,是很恐怖的大脑断片儿的前奏,因此还要保证现场高品质的输出,肯定是需要在考前搭建自己的专属语料库,考场上的15秒准备时间,是用来将题目和你的语料库进行检索和信息匹配用的,而不是寄希望于有太多不确定性的临场发挥。


不同题目可以应用同一个素材的情况,考场上灵活变通,稍加修改就可以。所以,准备素材很重要。


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比如这些常考话题:


1. 描述人物

1) What are the characteristics of a good friend? Use reasons and examples to support your responses.

答题要点:重要的是描述出2-3个优点,并加上举例。

类似题目:

*What are the characteristics of a good neighbor/ parent/ teacher/ classmate/ roommate?

* Describe the characteristics that make a person successful


2) Which person has helped you the most to get where you are today, and how has he or she helped you?

答题要点:重要的是描述出 2-3 件事情,越具体越好。

类似题目:

* What person who is alive today would you most like to meet?

* Describe a person you admire most and explain why you admire this person?

* What famous person would you like to visit for one hour and why?

* Describe a person who has influenced you in an important way. Explain why this person has had an effect on your life.


2. 描述地点

Describe a place where you go for rest and relaxation. Explain why it is a good place for you to relax.

答题要点:描述出 3 点左右的理由,如beautiful scenery, shopping facilities, employment opportunities, easy transportation …

类似题目:

* If you could live anywhere, where would you live?

* Which place in your hometown would you like to take visitors to see and why?

* Choose a place you go to often that is important to you and explain why it is important.

* What foreign country would you like to visit? Choose a country and explain why you would like to go there.

* Describe one thing you would like to improve about your hometown.

……


找到适合自己的句子用在开头和转折处,增加连贯性。还有一个重点就是多练,多准备自己的素材。这个主要是针对一二题的。准备的时候不用把每句话都写下来,写关键词就可以了。例如自己做过什么记忆犹新的活动啊,遇到的朋友啊,都从多方面多角度思考一下,写下来。一个活动或许有利有弊,如果你正负面都准备的话,这样不管遇到问pleasant还是unpleasant 的experience不都可以用同一个故事回答了吗。


(2)有关综合题(三四五六题):


应用自己的“套路”把答题的流程搞清楚,就是什么内容答几句,比重分配好。要学会转述,尽量把听到内容用你自己的话表达出来。说白了就是用同义词啊,比如听力原文说nice,你就说pleasant啊,原文说increase,你就说raise啊。当然这个也要结合语境哈。


2.发音有硬伤,语速把握不好


例如从小受教育条件所限,接触到的师资原本发音是不标准的,最初就学了错误的发音、语调,在漫长的后端学习过程里每一次努力的练习,其实都在固化错误的发音,改起来更是难上加难。


至于语速的话也不要太快,我觉得语速快了错误也会相对多一些,毕竟边说边思考的时间不那么充足了,可能会对要点解释的不那么清楚,而且因为舌头“打结”产生的口误也会多一些。所以大家最好有意识的压一下自己的语速哦,除非是一紧张语速反而会慢的人。


3.低分开场白


误区一:废话连篇不知所云


典型失败案例:


Topic 1-Should college students be allowed to get married?

This topic is very interesting. I’m very interested in talking about this topic. Because I’m also a college student and I’m not married……


修改方案:开门见山直奔主题

In my opinion, it would not be a wise decision to allow college students to get married。


Topic 2-Will modern technology, such as the Internet, ever replace the book or the writing word as the sole source of information?

Ok, this topic is a very good topic. First, let me tell you a story: I have a friend, he likes go on the internet very much. Every day, he uses internet to read news or play internet games. So we can see the internet is more and more important in our daily life。


Topic 3-The importance of environmental protection

Oh, this topic is surely very important. Isn’t it? Of course! It’s really very very important!


误区二:中式英文人见人晕


典型失败案例:


Topic 1-The happiest moment in your life

In our life, there are always some moments which make your heart flower opened angrily……


Topic 2- The population problem

The population problem is a very big problem. For example, in the city centers of Shanghai, we can always see people mountain people sea there。


Topic3- Is there fairness in today’s business world?

I think in today’s society, there is no fairness in the business world. For example, I always chopped when I go out buy things……


Topic 4- The advantage of being a nice person

Being a nice person have many advantage. I believe if a people always do bad things, he will get “baoying”。


误区三:语法错误惨不忍睹


典型失败案例:


Topic-If children behave badly, should their parents accept responsibility and also be punished?

About this problem, my think is if children behave badly, then parents are not right. Because teach child is parent’s responsibility. So we also punish parents too besides children is also should。


误区四:偏离主题无轨电车


典型失败案例:


Topic-It is said that nowadays one can not acquire the qualifications and quality essential to success through university education. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?

I think to success, we must have a lot of important qualities. To have these important qualities, we must learn a lot of things, for example, English, music tools, and etc. We can learn these qualities from our teachers, our friends and from books. All in all, we can learn from many places。


误区五:观点模糊态度暧昧


典型失败案例:


Topic-Should college students be allowed to get married?

I think this topic is very hard to say. Because I am still very little, only 17, and not married, so this topic is very difficult for me……


误区六:过分简单没有重点


典型失败案例:

Topic-The importance of environmental protection

This issue is surely very important, let’s talk about it!


误区七:用词不当表达不准


典型失败案例:


Topic-Should college students be allowed to get married?

I think college students should not be allowed to get married because they are very young and so we can’t take the responsibility to form a family。


误区八:意思重复原地踏步


典型失败案例:


Topic-Your opinion on DINK families

My opinion on DINK families is that DINK families is not a good thing. And it is a bad thing. It brings no benefits to our society and it is even sometimes harmful to our society。


误区九:中国俗语胡乱翻译


典型失败案例:


Topic 1-Is it good to have a large family?

I think it is good to have a large family. Because we Chinese believe a sentence: “Many sons, many lucks”……


正确说法:

Happiness lies in having many children


Topic 2 -Should we pretend to know everything or admit our ignorance?

We all know, our Chinese old fathers and grandfathers said: “Know is know, don’t know is don’t know”……


Topic 3- Do you think one’s character is greatly influenced by his/her family?

Chinese old words says very good: Dragon born dragon, phoenix born phoenix, rat’s son can make hole……


Topic 4- The advantage of being a nice person

I believe one sentence: “A good person is all life safe”. We Chinese people always say: “Good has good pay, bad has bad pay”。


误区十:观点武断态度强硬


典型失败案例:


Topic1-The importance of confidence

In my opinion, confidence is the most important thing for a person. All the successful people in the world are full of confidence. While those people who don’t have confidence, they all have failed。


Topic 2 - The solution to the traffic problem

I think to solve the traffic problem, very easy! For those who don’t obey the traffic rules, we should put all of them into prison. If we do that, I’m sure there will be no traffic problem any more.


好啦,看看自己的问题在哪里,然后练起来吧!祝大家早日与托福说“拜拜!”



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任何关于托福考试问题,比如托福口语考试有哪些注意事项,2018托福口语评分标准、托福考试注意事项、美国大学对托福成绩要求是多少等问题,大家都可以在线咨询或持续访问该栏目的其它相关文章。


相关阅读:

托福口语之分类词汇——交通

托福口语之常用俚语大汇总(可免费下载PDF!)

托福口语加分长短句

托福口语之分类词汇——运动

托福口语之100个表达技巧,你都知道吗?


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