1、Should students be required to evaluate their professors at the end of the semester?
2、 Which would you prefer: start a project as early as possible or wait until the deadline?
3、When students have questions about an assignment for class, some prefer to ask the professor for help. Others prefer to ask other students in the class for help understanding the assignment. Which do you prefer? Explain why?
4、 Do you think it’s necessary for children’s growth for them to live far away from home and stay with relatives or friends during school breaks?
5、 Some students prefer to do things which they are good at. Some students force themselves to do what they are not good at? Which do you prefer? Why?
1. Do you agree or disagree with the statement that one day in the future, teachers will not give class in person and all the classes will be taught online.
2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students should watch experiment videos rather than do experiment in person
3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Male and female students should have separate resident halls.
4. The school teachers propose that students should compete with each other in the class. Do you think this is a good idea?
5. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is acceptable to use others influence to get a job.
1. There are two universities. One only provides courses that related to your major while the other could provide a wide variety of courses. Which school do you prefer to go? Explain why with specific details and examples.
2. Many people think that students study course materials more effectively by taking exams, while others think that students learn more effective through doing other activities such as writing paper or completing projects, which do you think is more effective for students to learn.
3. Some professors prefer to answer students’ questions in the end of the lecture while some other professors choose do it during the teaching process. Which one do you think is better, why?
4. Some students choose to enter the university immediately after finishing high school; others prefer to take time off before beginning the university class. Which option do you think is better?
5. If the university provides $5000 scholarship, do you think they should reward the students with high academic performance or help the students who need financial aids?
Narrator: Listen to a conversation between a student and her education professor.
Karen: Professor McGraw?
Professor: Oh hi, Karen, what can I do for you?
Karen: Well, I might just start writing that paper that’s due next week
Karen: And I’m thinking I’d like to write it on the classroom observations I’ve been doing.
Professor: What level are you observing?
Karen: Fourth grade.
Professor: Okay. That sounds fine. Lots of students write about their classroom observations.
Karen: But before I start, I want to check to see if I’m on the right track with my observations.
Karen: Okay. As I’ve said, I’ve been observing a fourth grade class and the teacher follows a progressive approach to teaching, so I thought I’d write about a mathematics lesson that I observed last week, how it fits in with that approach.
Professor: Okay. What can you tell me about the progressive approach?
Karen: It’s about accommodating each student’s individual learning style, right?
Karen: Each student is seen as having his or her own learning style, so instead of having one planned format or lesson for the whole class, the teacher has each child work at their own pace on their own project in a way that works best for them.
Professor: Okay, good. Now, how does this work in the lesson you’ve observed?
Karen: Well, first the teacher asked six students to find a math problem that interested them, or that they found difficult and to write it on the board. That surprised me, because it seemed more like a traditional teacher-led activity than a progressive one.
Professor: But who chose the math problem?
Karen: The students did, which I eventually realized made it the kind of activity you would find in a progressive classroom.
Professor: And what was the rest of the class doing?
Karen: They were helpers. If a student wasn’t sure how to solve the problem, they asked one of the helpers to join them at the board and well, help.
Professor: And did they?
Karen: Yeah, and if both students got stuck they could ask another student so it ended up with groups of three or four kids working together to solve a math problem. I could see the teacher was getting the students started, but the students then directed themselves and worked together to come up with the answer.
Professor: Which is very much a part of what progressive education is all about. In that way, the curriculum, or what is being learned, centers around what the learners are interested in. What other elements of progressive education did you observe?
Karen: Well, the students were learning in groups so they were learning social skills like negotiation and the activity was designed so no one felt like a failure. In the end, all the problems were solved successfully and all the kids seemed feel a sense of accomplishment. They were smiling. From what I can tell, the activity met the kid’s social needs and their emotional needs as well. It was pretty cool to watch.
1.retain = preserve = keep = hold = conserve保持
2.scatter = spread out = distribute = spread apart = widely separate = disperse = diffuse 分散
3.severity = seriousness = harshness 严重性
4.ultimately = eventually = finally = over time最终
5.adequate = rich = sufficient = enough = plentiful = abundant = copious = considerable = significant充足的，大量的