您现在的位置:首页 > 托福课外材料

托福综合写作必备三步走攻略,助力拿高分!

  • 时间:2020-02-07

  • 来源:留学监理网

你的同学在这里:

  • ●(1小时前) 四川的曾同学申请了 —— 推荐留学中介 留学监理服务
  • ●(2小时前) 安徽的费同学申请了 —— 留学监理服务
  • ●(2小时前) 湖南的督同学申请了 —— 查询中介口碑 留学监理服务
  • ●(2小时前) 四川的伊同学申请了 —— 推荐留学中介 留学监理服务
  • ●(2小时前) 贵州的郝同学申请了 —— 预约中介顾问 推荐留学中介 留学监理服务
  • ●(3小时前) 辽宁的陈同学申请了 —— 查询中介口碑 预约中介顾问
  • ●(3小时前) 山西的尤同学申请了 —— 预约中介顾问 留学监理服务
  • ●(3小时前) 重庆的长孙同学申请了 —— 查询中介口碑
  • ●(5小时前) 河北的江同学申请了 —— 推荐留学中介 留学监理服务
  • ●(8小时前) 河南的昝同学申请了 —— 查询中介口碑 预约中介顾问 推荐留学中介
  • ●(8小时前) 北京的乌同学申请了 —— 推荐留学中介 留学监理服务
  • ●(8小时前) 山东的牟同学申请了 —— 留学监理服务
  • ●(12小时前) 上海的郑同学申请了 —— 查询中介口碑 推荐留学中介
  • ●(1天前) 安徽的潘同学申请了 —— 留学监理服务
  • ●(1天前) 云南的武同学申请了 —— 留学监理服务
  • ●(1天前) 安徽的党同学申请了 —— 留学监理服务
  • ●(1天前) 河北的屈同学申请了 —— 预约中介顾问 推荐留学中介
  • ●(1天前) 陕西的管同学申请了 —— 推荐留学中介 留学监理服务
  • ●(1天前) 河北的束同学申请了 —— 留学监理服务
  • ●(1天前) 广东的吉同学申请了 —— 推荐留学中介 留学监理服务
去看看 >
去看看

请在下方选择您想领取的材料,可多选哦~

限量免费获取
今年的你立下新的flag没有?历经改革的托福阅读、口语、听力都有变动,唯有写作不动如钟。所以不用担心之前的练习打折扣,那么问题来了,写作这种题型提分难怎么办?Don't worry,我们今天手把手教你提分!

今年的你立下新的flag没有?历经改革的托福阅读、口语、听力都有变动,唯有写作不动如钟。所以不用担心之前的练习打折扣,那么问题来了,写作这种题型提分难怎么办?Don't worry,我们今天手把手教你提分!



timg-15.jpeg


一、写作分类


托福写作分两部分——独立写作和综合写作。


独立写作难度较小,题型一般有三种:


二选一

这是独立作文最常见的问题类型。一个话题的两个方面,需要你选择一方并给出支持它的原因和示例。

论证二者优劣

与第一种不同的是,这一类型的题目不需要你做出选择,只需讨论二者的优劣,提供示例做出论述。

多选

这个类别相比上面两类较少见到。提供一个广泛的主题,包含很多可能或意见,需要你表明立场。


综合写作


综合写作难度较大,包含阅读、听力和写作的综合考量。作文没有固定的主题范围,但好在写作要求都很相似。一般会要求考生总结讲座中的要点,并与阅读部分进行对比。在这一环节,一定要注意不要讨论自己的观点,而是要从讲座和阅读中获取和转述信息。


综合写作需要对阅读要点和听力材料做好笔记。针对记录的要点,对比阅读和听力的关系,组织文章的思路。


使用特定的表述。在综合部分一定注意不要将听力材料或阅读原文复制到你的文章中,而是要重新组织语言,用自己的话表达材料的主要观点(不要强行画蛇添足)。


>>> 免费测试英语水平能考托 福多少分,不花冤枉钱


二、写作技巧


综合写作的技巧如下


边看边记


托福在这一部分,阅读一篇250到300个单词的学术文章,并在短时间内对阅读段落的要点做笔记。下面是阅读段落时应该记住的关键信息。


例:

It is common knowledge that forecasting is an attempt by meteorologists to determine what weather will be like in the future. Hindcasting is the opposite of forecasting, an attempt to determine what weather was like in the past. Meteorologists wish that records of weather had been kept in full for at least a few millennia, but it has been only in the last century that detailed records of the weather have been kept. Thus, meteorologists need to hindcast the weather, and they do so by using all sorts of information from other fields as diverse as archeology, botany, geology, literature, and art. These pieces of information from other fields that are used as a basis for drawing conclusions about what the weather must have been like at some point in the past are called proxies.


阅读时对主题和要点做笔记:

Topic of Listening Passage: hindcasting (trying to determine what weather was like in the past)

Main points about hindcasting:detailed weather records kept for less than a century


proxies (information from various other fields) used to hindcast   weather


边听边记


这一部分会听一篇1到2分钟学术文章,在听的过程中对要点进行记录。

例:

(professor): Now let me talk about how hindcasting was used in one particular situation. This situation has to do with the weather in seventeenth-century Holland. It appears, from proxies in paintings from the time by numerous artists, that the weather in Holland in the seventeenth century was much colder than it is today. Seventeenth-century paintings show really cold winter landscapes with huge snow drifts and ice skaters skating on frozen canals. Since it's unusual today for snow to drift as high as it is in the paintings and for the canals to freeze over so that skaters can skate across them as they are in the paintings, these paintings appear to serve as proxies that demonstrate that the weather when the paintings were created in the seventeenth century was much colder than it is today.    


笔记:
Topic of Listening Passage: paintings that are proxies showing weather in 17th-century Holland colder than today



Details: in 17th-century paintings showing colder weather :


- huge snow drifts higher than today's drifts
- on canals that are not frozen today


写作前规划


拿到一个作文题目记得进行头脑风暴:能写些什么?对这个话题有什么看法?有哪些个人经验?有没有了解的专业知识或者新闻?

例:

Question:

How does the information in the listening passage about the weather in seventeenth-century Holland shed light on the information on hindcasting in the reading passage?


Reading Passage = A technique used by meteorologists

 Topic Of Reading Passage: hindcasting (trying to determine what weather wae like in the past)


  Main points about hindcasting:

- detailed weather records kept for less than a century
- proxies (information from various other fields) used to hindcast weather Listening Passage = An example of the technique 

 Topic of Listening Passage: paintings that are proxies showing weather in 17th-century Holland colder than today


Details in 17th-century paintings showing colder weather:


- huge snow drifts higher than today's drifts

- skaters on canals that are not frozen today


>>> 免费下载2019-2020年托 福考试真题回忆PDF版


主题陈述


Look at this information from the integrated writing task on hindcasting and the weather in seventeenth-century Holland.


Reading Passage = a technique used by meteorologists


Topic of listening passage:hindcasting (trying to determine what weather was like in the past)


Listening Passage = an example of the technique


Topic of listening passage: paintings that are proxies showing weather in 17th-century Holland colder than today


段落辅助


在开始写作之前先研究笔记,在写的时候要考虑段落辅助,去介绍每一段的中心思想,并且有足够的细节去支撑中心的成立。


Topic of listening passage: hindcasting (trying to determine what weather was like in the past) 


main points about hindcasting:

detailed weather records kept for less than a century

proxies (information from various other fields) used to hindcast weather


The reading passage discusses the technique of hindcasting, which is a method used by meteorologists to try to determine what the weather matchwas like in the past. One point that is made about this meteorological metho is that detailedmatch weather records have not been kept for long. As a result, meteorologists have had to find another way to determine what the weather was like in the past. They developed a method of hindcasting using proxies, which are pieces of information from other fields.


分类练习


ETS发布的作文主题就足够练习,不需额外找题目做。对于官方给出的作文题目合集,小伙伴们可以按照文章类别、题目类型等方式分类练习。


写作时最怕跑题,如果材料中有不熟悉的单词,尽量通过上下文猜测含义,而不是写一些与主题无关的句子,擦边球会降低你的分数。隔一段时间重写某一主题,能够更好的分析出进步和不足,强化练习。


检查细节



最最后,我们想说的是,即使是母语为英语的人,写一篇文章也会无可避免的出现错误,更何况是用电脑输入的我们。所以在保存之前检查语法和单词是对高分最后的挣扎,细节就是分数!如果能给其他人——尤其是母语是英语的朋友来看你的文章,除了修正你忽视的错误,能够学到更高级和地道的表达也是很赚了。



相关阅读:

托福2月份考试取消后将自动延迟,考生操作须知!

申请美国顶尖大学研究生,托 福分数要多高?

ETS官方认证:接受托 福成绩的英国 大学top50名单

用托 福成绩申请美国藤校的人都是高分狂魔!

大学英语四六级及格相当于托 福雅 思能得多少分?

到澳洲留学考雅 思还是托 福?




>>想试试以自己的水平能申请到什么层次的大学?可以使用下面的留学志愿参考系统一键定位。

留学定位参考

使用方法:把你的GPA、雅思成绩、专业名称、院校背景(211/985/双非)等信息输入到留学志愿参考系统中,系统会自动从数据库中匹配出与你情况相似的同学案例,看看他们成功申请到了哪些名校,这样子就可以对自己进行精准的定位了。


免费查询留学中介口碑

留学规划和留学申请是一项复杂的长期工程,不能片面听取网友的交流,更不能轻信留学中介的说辞(快速查询留学中介口碑)。留学监理网由有20多年国际教育行业管理和服务经验的前教育部官员胡本未老师创立,得到新华社央视网的高度评价。留学监理网免费为学生提供留学咨询规划建议、推荐靠谱的留学机构、审核留学方案和中介服务协议,受学生委托提供监理服务、督办留学中介的服务过程并“先行赔付”。

 


免费留学咨询申请表(免费推荐留学中介/审核留学方案/获取权威留学资料等)

留学监理网不是留学中介,作为监督平台,5年以上工作经验的留学监理师能给你最客观公正的建议,帮你辨别留学中介为你提供的咨询信息。

*姓名:

*电话:

*邮箱:

QQ:

你希望:

*留学意向:

*出国就读:

*出国时间:

(特别申明:本站除原创图片外,其他图片来源于网络,版权归作者所有,如有侵权,请联系我们删除。)

先咨询 后申请 安全有保障

4000-315-285

自己选择留学中介,可能遇到以下问题:
  陷阱合同 霸王条款
  推脱责任 不断拖延
  无端承诺 胡乱收费
  申请失败 拖延退费

我们帮你规避风险,免费推荐留学机构/项目:
  监理师一对一科学分析 定向推荐
  预约高水平的专业顾问 拒绝随机
  审查中介所供留学方案 保障安全
  审核留学中介合同,规避陷阱

请帮我推荐留学中介

或进入个人中心申请

留学志愿参考系统

跟我差不多情况的学长们都申请去了哪里?输入自身情况,真实案例比对,助你快速留学定位。流程:注册/登录>输入自身情况>留学方案定位

自身最高学历

就读院校类型

平均绩点成绩

语言成绩:

最新文章

免费获取留学方案

留学监理网不是留学中介,所以能给你最客观的建议。5年以上经验的留学监理师,8年10万以上真实案例,留学方案值得你参考。

登陆成功,欢迎使用留学监理网!