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新SAT写作中修辞部分介绍

  • 时间:2016-11-09

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“写作技巧和英文修辞”在新SAT中是最基础的内容,大家不仅要熟悉每一种技巧和修辞,下面我们来看下新SAT写作中关于修辞部分介绍。

writing (1).jpg

首先,我们一起来看一看OG中对于“stylistic and persuasive elements”的论述:

Your analysis of the author’s use of stylistic and persuasive elements can follow a number of paths. You may point out instances in which the author uses such devices and evaluate their role or their effectiveness in convincing an audience to action. You may also or in additionanalyze and evaluate the varying extent to which logic and emotion contribute to the persuasiveness of the text.

不难看出,我们对于文章的分析是按照两个步骤来走的:

1. 识别+引用:point out instances in which the author uses such devices

2. 分析+评价的两个维度:(基于说服的有效性)evaluate their role or their effectiveness in convincing an audience to action;(基于逻辑和情感)analyze and evaluate the varying extent to which logic and emotion contribute to the persuasiveness of the text.


第一步:识别与引用

让我们从新SAT写作考试范文“Let There be Dark ”中的这几句话说起:

Bogard starts his article off by recounting a personal anecdote – a summer spent on a Minnesota lake where there was “wood so dark that his hands disappeared before his eyes.”

Bogard’s argument is also furthered by his use of allusion to art – Van Gogh’s “Starry Night” – and modern history – Paris’s reputation as “The city of light”.

Finally, Bogard makes subtle yet efficient use of rhetorical questioning to persuade his audience that natural darkness preservation is essential. He asks the readers to consider “what the vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren?” in a way that brutally plays to each of our emotions.

这三句话选自新SAT写作第一篇官方范文。分别来自范文第二段、第三段、和第四段的第一句。文章分析部分的分数会按照这三段写的情况判分,再来看我们标记的三组重点词,它们就是各句的重点,相当于整篇文章就是按照这三组词去展开的。也就是说,识别这三种修辞是我们分析的前提。》》SAT阅读如何巧妙答题


第二步:分析与评价

在进行完识别和引用之后,下面我们重点挑选正文的最后一段来进行深入分析:

Finally, Bogard(作者)makes subtle yet efficient use of rhetorical questioning to persuade his audience that natural darkness preservation is essential. He asks the readers to consider “what the vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren?”(文本) in a way that brutally plays to each of our emotions. By asking this question, Bogard draws out heartfelt ponderance from his readers (读者)about the affecting power of an untainted night sky. This rhetorical question tugs at the readers’ heartstrings; while the reader may have seen an unobscured night skyline before, the possibility that their child or grandchild will never get the chance sways them to see as Bogard sees. This strategy is definitively an appeal to pathos, forcing the audience to directly face an emotionally-charged inquiry that will surely spur some kind of response. By doing this, Bogard develops his argument, adding gutthral power to the idea that the issue of maintaining natural darkness is relevant and multifaceted.

在这个分析修辞性问句的段落中,文学活动的三大要素“作者”、“文本”、“读者”都有所兼顾。修辞性问句的使用者不是要得到答案,答案在设问之前已经由作者精心安排给出了。设问只是为了唤出作者期望得到的,有把握得到的读者的回响,目的是使文章生动有力。读者在文本中感知到了什么情感,作者写文章的目的就是什么,文本的意义也就得以凸现。

这就是新SAT写作的修辞分析部分,不妨问问自己,作者写了什么?为什么这么写?这么写对全文对读者有什么影响?说到实质上,新SAT的写作是一种以逻辑为基础的批判型阅读和文本分析能力的结合,而新SAT读写一体化的教学,正是我们的特色与优势。

以上就是新SAT写作中修辞部分介绍,希望对大家有所帮助!




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