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剑13真题听力中英文对照文本(可免费下载mp3!)(一)

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以下是剑桥雅思13真题听力第32期:Test4(section4-2)中英文对照文本及音频。

听力,听力就是要多听,与“书读百遍,其义自见”的道理一样,听得多了,自然就能听得懂了。留学监理网小编为大家整理了剑桥雅思13真题听力中英文对照文本,并附有原文音频。大家一定要先自己听听,听不懂的再去看文本哦!


以下是剑桥雅思13真题听力第32期:Test4(section4-2)中英文对照文本及音频。


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In the late 1600s, the Yemeni monopoly on coffee production broke down and coffee production started to spread around the world, helped by European colonisation. Europeans set up coffee plantations in Indonesia and the Caribbean and production of coffee in the colonies skyrocketed. Different types of coffee were produced in different areas, and it's interesting that the names given to these different types, like Mocha or Java coffee, were often taken from the port they were shipped to Europe from. But if you look at the labour system in the different colonies, there were some significant differences. In Brazil and the various Caribbean colonies, coffee was grown in huge plantations and the workers there were almost all slaves. But this wasn't the same in all colonies; for example in Java, which had been colonised by the Dutch, the peasants grew coffee and passed a proportion of this on to the Dutch, so it was used as a means of taxation. But whatever system was used, under the European powers of the eighteenth century, coffee production was very closely linked to colonisation. Coffee was grown in ever-increasing quantities to satisfy the growing demand from Europe, and it became nearly as important as sugar production, which was grown under very similar conditions. However, coffee prices were not yet low enough for people to drink it regularly at home, so most coffee consumption still took place in public coffee houses and it still remained something of a luxury item. In Britain, however, a new drink was introduced from China, and started to become popular, gradually taking over from coffee, although at first it was so expensive that only the upper classes could afford it. This was tea, and by the late 1700s it was being widely drunk. However, when the USA gained independence from Britain in 1776. They identified this drink with Britain, and coffee remained the preferred drink in the USA, as it still is today. So, by the early nineteenth century, coffee was already being widely produced and consumed. But during this century, production boomed and coffee prices started to fall. This was partly because new types of transportation had been developed which were cheaper and more efficient. So now, working people could afford to buy coffee -- it wasn't just a drink for the middle classes. And this was at a time when large parts of Europe were starting to work in industries. And sometimes this meant their work didn't stop when it got dark: they might have to continue throughout the night. So, the use of coffee as a stimulant became important -- it wasn't just a drink people drank in the morning, for breakfast. There were also changes in cultivation...


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在17世纪末,也门咖啡生产的垄断被打破,咖啡生产因为欧洲的殖民开始在全世界蔓延。欧洲人在印度尼西亚和加勒比地区建立了咖啡种植园,殖民地的咖啡产量激增。不同地区生产了不同种类的咖啡,有趣的是,这些不同种类咖啡的名字,比如说摩卡咖啡和爪哇咖啡,通常是以它们被运去欧洲的那个港口命名的。但是如果你看一下不同殖民的的劳工系统,就会发现有一些非常重要的区别。在巴西和许多加勒比殖民地,咖啡生长在巨大的植物上,工人基本上都是奴隶。但是并不是所有的殖民地都是这样的,比如说在爪哇,那里是荷兰殖民地,农民生产咖啡,而且把其中的一部分输送到荷兰,所以它是用做税收。但是无论使用了什么系统,在十八世纪欧洲的权力统治下,咖啡生产基本上是和殖民联系紧密。咖啡产量持续增高来满足欧洲持续增长的要求,而且它基本上成为了和糖同样重要的东西,而糖的生长状况和咖啡差不多。然而,咖啡价格太高了,不适合人们在家里日常饮用,所以大多数咖啡都是在公共咖啡屋消费的,所以它还是一种奢侈品。但是在英国,一种新的饮品从中国引入,然后开始流行起来,逐渐取代了咖啡的地位,尽管刚开始的时候它的价格太贵,只有上层阶级才能够买得起。这就是茶,在18世纪,它得到广泛的饮用。然而,当美国1776年从英国独立的时候,他们把这种饮品和英国联系起来,咖啡仍然是美国人最喜欢的饮品,到现在一直是。所以,到十九世纪早期,咖啡已经广泛生产和消费。但是在那个世纪,生产激增,咖啡价格开始下降。有一部分原因是因为新型交通工具的发展,变得越来越便宜和高效。所以现在,工薪阶层开始能够买得起咖啡,它不再只是中产阶级的饮品。当时也是很多英国人开始在工厂工作的时间。有时这就意味着他们到天黑工作都不会停止,他们可能要彻夜工作。所以咖啡作为兴奋剂的使用非常重要--它不只是早晨人们作为早餐要喝的东西。在种植方面也有一些变化...

 

>>>点击在线试听:

剑桥雅思13真题听力第32期:Test4(section4-2)音频(部分).mp3


>>>点击下载完整音频:

剑 桥雅 思13真题听力第32期:Test4(section4-2)音频.mp3


重点单词:

proportion n. 比例,均衡,部份,(复)体积,规模

independence n. 独立,自主,自立

transportation n. 运输,运输系统,运输工具

monopoly n. 垄断,专利,独占,控制

cultivation n. 教化,培养,耕作

identified adj. 被识别的;经鉴定的;被认同者 v. 鉴定(identify)

popular adj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的

stimulant n. 兴奋剂,刺激物,酒精性饮料 adj. 使兴奋的,激动的

luxury n. 奢侈,豪华,奢侈品

spread v. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒

 


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